EMS World

AUG 2016

EMS World Magazine is the most authoritative source in the world for clinical and educational material designed to improve the delivery of prehospital emergency medical care.

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NEWS NETWORK is essential if we are to maximize the benefit we provide to our OHCA patients. R E F E R E N C E S 1. Nichol G, Leroux B, Wang H, et al. Trial of Continuous or Interrupted Chest Compressions during CPR. N Engl J Med, 2015 Nov 9. [Epub ahead of print] 2. Bobrow BJ, Clark LL, Ewy GA, et al. Minimally interrupted cardiac resuscitation by emergency medical services for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. JAMA, 2008 299:1158–1165. 3. Kellum MJ, Kennedy KW, and Ewy GA. Cardiocerebral resuscitation improves survival of patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Am J Med, 2006 119:335–340. 4. Garza AG, Gratton MC, Salomone JA, et al. Improved patient survival using a modified resuscitation protocol for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Circulation, 2009 119:2597–605. 5. Bobrow BJ, Ewy GA, Clark L, et al. Passive oxygen insuf flation is superior to bag-valve- mask ventilation for witnessed ventricular fibrillation out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Ann Emerg Med, 2009 54(5):656–662.e1. 6. Cummins RO, Chamberlain DA, Abramson NS, et al. Recommended guidelines for uniform reporting of data from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: the Utstein Style. A statement for health professionals from a task force of the American Heart Association, the European Resuscitation Council, the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada, and the Australian Resuscitation Council. Circulation, 1991 84:960–975. 7. Idris AH, Guf fey D, Aufderheide TP, et al. Relationship Between Chest Compression Rates and Outcomes From Cardiac Arrest. Circulation, 2012 125:3004–3012. 8. Vadeboncoeur T, Stolz U, Panchal A, et al. Chest compression depth and survival in out- of-hospital cardiac arrest. Resuscitation, 2014 85(2):182–188. 9. Christenson J, Andrusiek D, Everson-Steward S, et al. Chest Compression Fraction Determines Survival in Patients With Out-of-Hospital Ventricular Fibrillation. Circulation, 2009 120:1241–1247. 10. Cheskes S, Schmicker RH, Christenson J, et al. Perishock pause: an independent predictor of survival from out-of-hospital shockable cardiac arrest. Circulation. 2011 Jul 5;124(1):58–66. 11. Brouwer TF, Walker RG, Chapman FW, et al. Association between chest compression interruptions and clinical outcomes of ventricular fibrillation out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Circulation, 2015 Sep 15;132(11):1030–1037. 12. Idris AH, Guf fey D, Pepe PE, et al. Chest compression rates and survival following out- of-hospital cardiac arrest. Crit Care Med, 2015;43:840–848. 13. Kleinman ME, Brennan EE, Goldberger ZD, et al. Part 5: Adult Basic Life Support and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Quality: 2015 American Heart Association Guidelines Update for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care. Circulation, 2015;132:S414–S435. 14. Wik L, Kramer-Johansen J, Myklebust H, et al. Quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. JAMA, 2005 Jan 19;293(3):299–304. 15. Aufderheide TP, et al. Hyperventilation-induced hypotension during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Circulation, 2004;109:1960–1965. 16. Aufderheide TP and Lurie KG. Death by hyperventilation: A common and life- threatening problem during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Crit Care Med, 2004;32(9): S345–S351. 18. O'Neill JF and Deakin CD. Do we hyperventilate cardiac arrest patients? Resuscitation, 2007;73(1):82–85. 17. Cheifetz IM, Craig DM, Quick G, et al. Increasing tidal volumes and pulmonary overdistention adversely af fect pulmonary vascular mechanics and cardiac output in a pediatric swine model. Crit Care Med, 1998;26(4):710–716. 19. Theres H, Binkau J, Laule M, et al. Phase-related changes in right ventricular cardiac output under volume-controlled mechanical ventilation with positive end-expiratory pressure. Crit Care Med, 1999;27(5):953–958. 20. Nikolla D, Lewandowski T, Carlson J. Mitigating hyperventilation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Am J Emerg Med, 2016 Mar;34(3):643–6. 21. Chung TN, Bae J, Kim EC, et al. Induction of a shorter compression phase is correlated with a deeper chest compression during metronome-guided cardiopulmonary resuscitation: a manikin study. Emerg Med J, 2013 Jul;30(7):551–554. A B O U T T H E A U T H O R S Dhimitri Nikolla, DO, EMT-B, is an emergency medicine resident physician at Allegheny Health Network–Saint Vincent Health Center in Erie, PA. He continues to volunteer as an EMT-B at Tuxedo Volunteer Ambulance Corps in Tuxedo, NY. Contact him at dhimitri.nikolla@ med.lecom.edu. Jestin N. Carlson, MD, MSc, is an emergency medicine attending physician at Allegheny Health Network–Saint Vincent Health Center in Erie, PA. He is the resident research director and core faculty for the Saint Vincent osteopathic emergency medicine residency. CPAP + VentilA tion. All in one. For More Information Circle 43 on Reader Service Card 14 AUGUST 2016 | EMSWORLD.com

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