EMS World

FEB 2019

EMS World Magazine is the most authoritative source in the world for clinical and educational material designed to improve the delivery of prehospital emergency medical care.

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EMSWORLD.com | FEBRUARY 2019 31 seconds between 9-1-1 call and recogni- tion of OHCA, and 5) less than 180 sec- onds between 9-1-1 call and deliver y of first T-CPR-directed compressions. Fur- ther, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration ha s created CPR Life- Links, a national initiative for the imple- mentation and evaluation of T-CPR and high-performance CPR on a local level. 13 More recent papers address the impact various dispatch-assisted CPR protocols have on bystander CPR and subsequent o utco m e s . Co ntinu e d s tu die s in this realm, adjusted for the aforementioned confounders and variables, would be of great utility. REFERENCES 1. Zachariah BS, Pepe PE. The development of emergenc y medical dispatch in the USA: A historical perspec tive. Eur J Emerg Med, 1995; 2: 109–12. 2. Culley LL, Henwood DK, Clark JJ, et al. Increasing the ef fi cienc y of emergenc y medical ser vices by using criteria based dispatch. Ann Emerg Med, 1994; 24: 867–72. 3. Andersen MS, Johnsen SP, Hansen AE, et al. Preventable deaths following emergenc y medical dispatch—An audit study. Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med, 2014; 22: 74. 4. Bailey ED, O'Connor RE, Ross RW. The use of emergenc y medical dispatch protocols to reduce the number of inappropriate scene responses made by advanced life suppor t personnel. Prehosp Emerg Care, 2000; 4(2): 186 –9. 5. American Hear t Association. Hear t Disease and Stroke Statistics—2013 Update highlights, https://cpr.hear t.org/ AHAECC/CPR AndECC/ResuscitationScience/UCM_477263_ AHA-Cardiac-Arrest-Statistics.jsp%5BR=301,L,NC%5D. 6. Lerner EB, Rea TD, Bobrow BJ, et al. Emergenc y medical ser vice dispatch cardiopulmonar y resuscitation prearrival instruc tions to improve sur vival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: A scientifi c statement from the American Hear t Association. Circulation, 2012; 125: 648–55. 7. Viereck S, Møller TP, Rothman JP, et al. Recognition of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest during emergenc y calls—A systematic review of obser vational studies. Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med, 2017; 25: 9. 8. Clegg GR, Lyon RM, James S, et al. Dispatch-assisted CPR: Where are the hold-ups during calls to emergenc y dispatchers? A preliminar y analysis of caller-dispatcher interac tions during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest using a novel call transcription technique. Resuscitation, 2014; 85: 49–52. 9. Heward A, Damiani M, Har tley-Sharpe C. Does the use of the advanced medical priorit y dispatch system af fec t cardiac arrest detec tion? Emerg Med J, 2004; 21: 115–8. 10. Hardeland C, Olasveengen TM, Lawrence R, et al. Comparison of Medical Priorit y Dispatch (MPD) and Criteria Based Dispatch (CBD) relating to cardiac arrest calls. Resuscitation, 2014; 85(5): 612–6. 11. Møller TP, Andrell C, Viereck S, et al. Recognition of out-of- hospital cardiac arrest by medical dispatchers in emergenc y medical dispatch centres in two countries. Resuscitation, 2016; 109: 1–8. 12. American Hear t Association. Telephone CPR (T-CPR) Program Recommendations and Per formance Measures, https://cpr.hear t.org/AHAECC/ CPR AndECC/ResuscitationScience/ TelephoneCPR/ RecommendationsPer formanceMeasures/UCM_477526_ Telephone-CPR-T-CPR-Program-Recommendations-and- Per formance-Measures.jsp. 13. EMS.gov. CPR LifeLinks, https://www.ems.gov/projec ts/ cpr-lifelinks.html. ABOUT THE AUTHORS Sonya Naganathan, MD, is a resident physician at Barnes Jewish Hospital/ Washington Universit y School of Medicine in St. Louis. Hawnwan Philip Moy, MD, is an assistant medical direc tor for the St. Louis Fire Depar tment and emergenc y medicine clinical instruc tor and core facult y in the EMS Sec tion of the Division of Emergenc y Medicine at Washington Universit y in St. Louis. Because you protect others, we protect you WoodmenLife ® is grateful for the dedication you show in your community. As EMT's and paramedics, you serve unselfishly to protect others' families. We value what you do and want to help protect your family by being there when you need us most. Our products are designed to provide financial assistance to families should the unthinkable happen. In addition, we offer a $25,000 benefit 1 to the family of a member who has died in the line of duty as a First Responder. Find out more at WoodmenLife.org/first-responders 1. Member benefits are available to members. An individual becomes a member by joining our shared commitment to family, community and country, and by purchasing a WoodmenLife product. These benefits are not contractual, are subject to change and have specific eligibility requirements. CD1506 11/18 Woodmen of the World Life Insurance Society: Omaha, NE

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