EMS World

JAN 2018

EMS World Magazine is the most authoritative source in the world for clinical and educational material designed to improve the delivery of prehospital emergency medical care.

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30 JANUARY 2018 | EMSWORLD.com For More Information Circle 26 on Reader Service Card For More Information Circle 27 on Reader Service Card cardiac arrest in children. J Am Heart Assoc, 2015 Oct 8; 4(10): e002122. 6. Rea TD, Eisenberg MS, Becker L J, Murray JA, Hearne T. Temporal trends in sudden cardiac arrest: A 25-year emergency medical services perspective. Circulation, 2003; 107(22): 2,780–5. 7. Sasson C, Rogers MA, Dahl J, Kellermann AL. Predictors of survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: A systematic review and meta- analysis. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes, 2010 Jan; 3(1): 63–81. 8. Donoghue A J, Nadkarni V, Berg RA, et al. CanAm Pediatric Cardiac Arrest Investigators. Out-of-hospital pediatric cardiac arrest: An epidemiologic review and assessment of current knowledge. Ann Emerg Med, 2005 Dec; 46(6): 512–22. 9. Duron V, Burke RV, Bliss D, Ford HR, Upperman JS. Survival of pediatric blunt trauma patients presenting with no signs of life in the field. J Trauma Acute Care Surg, 2014 Sep; 77(3): 422–6. 10. SOS-K ANTO Study Group. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation by bystanders with chest compression only (SOS-K ANTO): An observational study. Lancet, 2007; 369: 920–6. 11. Kitamura T, Iwami T, Kawamura T, et al. Conventional and chest- compression-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation by bystanders for children who have out- of-hospital cardiac arrests: A prospective, nationwide, population-based cohort study. Lancet, 2010; 375: 1,347–54. 12. Goto Y, Maeda T, Goto Y. Impact of dispatcher-assisted bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation on neurological outcomes in children with out-of-hospital cardiac arrests: A prospective, nationwide, population-based cohort study. J Am Heart Assoc, 2014; 3: e000499. 13. Chang I, Kwak YH, Shin SD, Ro YS, Kim DK. Characteristics of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation for paediatric out-of- hospital cardiac arrests: A national observational study from 2012 to 2014. Resuscitation, 2017 Feb; 111: 26–33. 14. Tijssen JA, Prince DK, Morrison L J, et al. Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium. Time on the scene and interventions are associated with improved survival in pediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Resuscitation, 2015 Sep; 94: 1–7. 15. Hazinski MF, Nolan JP, Billi JE, et al. Part 1: Executive summary: 2010 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science With Treatment Recommendations. Circulation, 2010; 122: S250–75. 16. Neumar RW, Shuster M, Callaway CW, et al. Part 1: Executive summary: 2015 American Heart Association Guidelines Update for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care. Circulation, 2015; 132: S315–67. 17. Abella BS, Sandbo N, Vassilatos P, et al. Chest compression rates during cardiopulmonary resuscitation are suboptimal: A prospective study during in-hospital cardiac arrest. Circulation, 2005; 111: 428–34. 18. Stiell IG, Brown SP, Christenson J, et al. Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC) Investigators. What is the role of chest compression depth during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest resuscitation? Crit Care Med, 2012; 40: 1,192–8. 19. Peberdy MA, Ornato JP, Larkin GL, et al. National Registry of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Investigators. Survival from in- hospital cardiac arrest during nights and weekends. JAMA, 2008; 299: 785–92. 20. Perkins GD, Cooke MW. Variability in cardiac arrest survival: The NHS Ambulance Service Quality Indicators. Emerg Med J, 2012; 29: 3–5. 21. Meaney PA, Bobrow BJ, Mancini ME, et al. CPR Quality Summit Investigators, the American Heart Association Emergency Cardiovascular Care Committee, and the Council on Cardiopulmonary, Critical Care, Perioperative and Resuscitation. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation quality: Improving cardiac resuscitation outcomes both inside and outside the hospital: A consensus statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation, 2013; 128: 417–35. 22. Bobrow BJ, Clark LL, Ewy GA, et al. Minimally interrupted cardiac resuscitation by emergency medical services for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. JAMA, 2008; 299: 1,158–65. 23. Garza AG, Gratton MC, Salomone JA, et al. Improved patient survival using a modified resuscitation protocol for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Circulation, 2009; 119: 2,597–2,605. 24. Hinchey PR, Myers JB, Lewis R, et al. Capital County Research Consortium. Improved out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survival after the sequential implementation of 2005 AHA guidelines for compressions, ventilations, and induced hypothermia: The Wake county experience. Ann Emerg Med, 2010; 56: 348–57. 25. Vadeboncoeur T, Stolz U, Panchal A, et al. Chest compression depth and survival in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Resuscitation, 2014; 85: 182–6. 26. Hopkins CL, Burk C, Moser S, et al. Implementation of pit crew approach and cardiopulmonary resuscitation metrics for out-of- hospital cardiac arrest improves patient survival and neurological outcome. J Am Heart Assoc, 2016 Jan 11; 5: 1–10. 27. Pearson DA, Darrell Nelson R, Monk L, et al. Comparison of team- focused CPR vs standard CPR in resuscitation from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: Results from a statewide quality improvement initiative. Resuscitation, 2016 Aug; 105: 165–72. 28. Austin-Travis County EMS, www.austintexas.gov/department/ems. 29. Wik L, Olsen JA, Persse D, et al. Manual vs. integrated automatic load-distributing band CPR with equal survival after out of hospital cardiac arrest. The randomized CIRC trial. Resuscitation, 2014 Jun; 85(6): 741–8. 30. Zhan L, Yang L J, Huang Y, et al. Continuous chest compression versus interrupted chest compression for cardiopulmonary resuscitation of non-asphyxial out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 2017 Mar 27; 3: CD010134. 31. Olasveengen TM, Wik L, Steen P. Quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation before and during transport in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Resuscitation, 2008 Feb; 76(2): 185–90. 32. Fox J, Fiechter R, Gerstl P. Mechanical versus manual chest compression CPR under ground ambulance transport conditions. Acute Card Care, 2013 Mar; 15(1): 1–6. 33. Roosa JR, Vadeboncoeur TF, Dommer PB, et al. CPR variability during ground ambulance transport of patients in cardiac arrest. Resuscitation, 2013; 84(5): 592–5. 34. Lyon RM, Crawford A, Crookston C, Short S, Clegg GR. The combined use of mechanical CPR and a carry sheet to maintain quality resuscitation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients during extrication and transport. Resuscitation, 2015; 93: 102–6. ABOUT THE AUTHORS Phillip Friesen, DO, is a pediatric emergency medicine faculty member at Dell Children's Medical Center, Austin, Tex. Lawrence H. Brown, PhD, is associate professor and director of research education for the emergency medicine program at Dell Medical School, University of Texas. Jose Cabanas, MD, MPH, FACEP, is medical director for Wake County EMS in Raleigh, N.C. Paul Hinchey, MD, MBA, FACEP, is assistant medical director for Wake County EMS. Katherine Remick, MD, FAAP, FACEP, FAEMS, is medical director for the San Marcos Hays County EMS system in Texas. A New Tool for Airway Management Dual-Air® Adjustable Oral Airway Non-Gagging: for Unconscious, Semi-conscious and even Alert Patients THREE SIZES: • DA 100 Adult 70 to 100 mm • DA 200 Pediatric 50 to 70 mm • DA 300 Xlg Adult 80 to 120 mm * all with 5 mm half steps. NuZone Medical LLC | www.nuzonemedical.com | 1-888-812-7474 Instructional videos: www.YouTube.com (search Adjustable Oral Airway). SIMPLIFIED: • Storage • Selection • Application • Rapid MCI Response IMPROVED: • Ventilation Port • Suctioning Access • Adaptability • Comfort • Stays in Place

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